Haven’t you ever wondered about the meaning of the names of subway or bus stations when you travel on public transportation? Foreign students might particularly have difficulty remembering the names of the stations because they don’t know their exact meanings and some of them are too long or too hard to pronounce. However, there are interesting historical stories in their names, which are not well-known – even for Koreans. So we would like to introduce the stories behind the names to help you remember them easily.
Banyawol is the name of a place in Daegu and a station of Daegu Metro Line 1. The name has a fascinating history. In the late Silla Dynasty, Taejo Wang Geon(founder of the Goryeo Dynasty), who was defeated in a battle with Gyeon Hwon(founder of Hubaekje), fled across the Geumhogang River. While running away during the night, he saw a half moon behind him, which was lightening his way. So he named the place Banyawol, meaning that there is a moon(wol,月) behind him in the middle of night (banya,半野).
In addition, there are lots of places which are named after Taejo Wang Geon’s traces. For example, Haean, also the name of a place and a station, originated from the historical story that Taejo Wang Geon was barely able to escape from the danger here after the battle with Gyeon Hwon. After he managed to escape, he solved(hae,解) his anger in his face(an,顔). Ansim, Mutae, Anjirang, are all names of stations that involve Taejo Wang Geon.
228 Memorial Park Bus Station
228 Memorial Park is in the middle of downtown Daegu. It commemorates the first democratic movement in Korea, 28 February 1960. It was led mainly by high school students in Daegu during the unjust and unlawful Rhee Seung-man dictatorship. To stay in power, he tried to disrupt the election campaigns of other candidates by precluding students from watching their campaigns. Some schools even opened on Sunday, giving students unexpected exams, making them watch movies and hunt rabbits. Students started to become enraged by Rhee’s manipulation and finally demonstrated against his dictatorship. This protest was a historical and meaningful moment as it was the first democratic movement in Korea to be led by students.
Additionally, Gukchae-bosang Memorial Park is also to honor the government bond compensation movement started in 1907 under the Japanese occupation. Many people may well know the name of the park, but most of them don’t understand the story behind it. It is really meaningful to understand the histories of Daegu, which are not so far in the past.